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The area of New Zealand – 268 021, and population of 3781,5 thousand people (19 This country includes two big islands – Northern (113 729 where about 3/4 population are concentrated, and Youzhny (150 437, and also a number of smaller islands – Styyuart (1680 at the southernmost tip of South Island, the Chatham Islands (963 and a little more remote with a total area of 1015; from them the only group some considerable sizes – islands Oakland (567 Only the Kermadec Islands and Campbell on which meteorological stations are located have resident population. Tokelau jurisdiction of New Zealand also (group of three small atolls in the southern part Silent the ocean and sector of Antarctic near the Ross Sea (the coastal land and nearby the island treats.

About 6 million hectares occupy various azonal and intrazonal soils which properties are defined by maternal breed. The fertile soils developed on volcanic ashes in the central part of the Northern island, peaty soils of the valley of Uaikato, alluvial soils of river valleys, and also soils of the drained sites of the sea coast are that.

At the time of development of the country by Europeans the extensive areas in New Zealand, especially on the Southern island, were occupied by vysokotravny dernovinny zlakovnik. Today they remained only in mountains, and on plains are replaced with pastures from the introduced European cereals (a ryegrass, hedgehogs, fescues) and a clover. In the east of the Northern island communities of a local cereal of a dantoniya are still rather widespread.

Soils. In general soils of New Zealand are poor in a humus and maloplodorodna. Everywhere, except for the sites which are periodically flooded by floods and blocked by silt, for preservation of productive pastures it is required to bring a large amount of fertilizers.