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Distribution of Slackware consists of "sets of disks" ("disk sets''), each of which contains concrete type of programs (for example, the set "d" contains development tools development tools, such as the gcc-compiler, and the set "x" containing X Window System). You can choose, what sets to install; you can install other sets later.

By preparation of installation from the hard drive create simply on the hard drive the catalog for placement of the Slackware files. For example, C: \> MKDIR SLACKWAR will create the catalog C: \SLACKWAR for storage of the Slackware files. Under this catalog, using the MKDIR team, you can create the subdirectories A1, A2, etc. for each copied disk set. All files from the disk A1 have to be placed in the SLACKWAR\A1 catalog, etc.

If you plan to create the diskettes boot and root from MS-DOS, only RAWRITE will be necessary for you. EXE and GZIP. EXE. If the UNIX station with the disk drive is available to you, you can create diskettes in it, using the dd team. Look at the guide to the dd team or consult to specialists in UNIX.

The Slackware version can be found at least on the following servers: * sunsite. unc. edu: / pub/Linux/distributions/slackware * tsx-1 mit. edu: / pub/linux/packages/slackware * ftp. cdrom. com: / pub/linux/slackware ftp. cdrom. com is the native Slackware server.

* RAWRITE. EXE. It is MS-DOS the program which writes down file contents (for example, images of boot and root) directly on a diskette, without checking a format. You should use RAWRITE. EXE for creation of the diskettes boot and root. It can be found in the install catalog also.

From diskettes If you want to install Slackware from diskettes, instead of the hard drive, it is necessary for you on one pure diskette formatted in MS-DOS for each disk Slackware which you wish to copy. Diskettes have to be the high-density format. A disk A set (the disks A1 - A can be diskettes both 5", and 25". But other sets of disks have to be on diskettes 5". Therefore if you have only a disk drive 25", it is necessary to hire at somebody the disk drive 5" to install other (except A) disks. Or you can install them from the hard drive as it was described above. To create disks, simply copy files from each Slackware of the catalog on the diskettes formatted in MS-DOS, using the MS-DOS team - COPY: C: \> COPY A1\*. * A: Which will copy disk A1 contents on a diskette in the A: disk drive. It should be repeated for all read-out disks. There is no need somehow to modify or raskompressirovat files of a disk; you simply have to copy them on diskettes in MS-DOS. Procedure of installation of Slackware itself cares of a raskompressirovaniye of files.

Each distribution kit available on FTP, has to contain the README file describing how to throw off on diskettes and as to prepare them for installation. At transfer of Linux it is necessary to use the mode of transfer of binary files (for most of FTP clients it is the binary team).

Pay attention that to you is not obligatory to use MS-DOS for installation of Slackware. But use of MS-DOS facilitates creation of boot and root of diskettes, facilitates installation of programs (as you can directly install from MS-DOS of the section of your system). If you on the computer have no MS-DOS, you can use someone else's computer for creation of diskettes, and already install from them.

System characteristics of Linux is a full multitask multiuser operating system (just as also other UNIX versions). Linux is rather well compatible to a number of standards for at the level of source texts, including IEEE POSIX. 1, System V and BSD. It was created meaning such compatibility.

Preparation for installation of Linux After you received Linux distribution kit, you can prepare the system for installation. It is required to plan work, especially if you already worked at other operating systems. In the subsequent sections we will tell how to plan installation of Linux.

Acquisition and installation of Linux We already said that there is no "official" distribution kit of Linux. There are many distribution kits, each of which is good for definite purposes. These distribution kits can be taken with ftp-servers Internet, with BBS, on diskettes and CD ROM.